Due to the growing concern about food security in regional communities, the Ministers of Agriculture and Forestry of the ASEAN Member States plus China, Japan and Korea approved the ASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS) project in their meeting held in October 2002 in Lao PDR. The overall objective of the Project is to strengthen food security in the region through the systematic collection, analysis and dissemination of food security related information. The 1st Phase of the Project has the period of five years, from 2003 to 2007. It is led and coordinated by Thailand, in particular, the Office of Agricultural Economics (OAE), Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. The Statistics Department (SD), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Japan is the donor through ASEAN Trust Funds. The 2nd Phase has the period of 5 years from 2008 - 2012 with financial support from MAFF Japan. It continue on the objective to strengthen food security in the region and main activities of the 1st Phase. The additional elements including: Early Warning Information, Agricultural Commodity Outlook and Mutual Technical Cooperation were also included in the 2nd Phase.